Trial Calendar

September 2019

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Öztürk Türkdoğan is a lawyer and the Co-Chair of the Human Rights Association (İHD). His work has made him a prominent figure in the human rights movement in Turkey. He was the Mediterranean regional representative of the “Wise People Delegation,” which was formed in 2013 to negotiate a resolution of the Kurdish issue.  He documented human rights violations once the conflict between the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and Turkish military re-erupted in 2015. In this documentation, he mainly focused on cities in southeast Turkey that had 24-hour curfews. Türkdoğan has been and continues to be subject of various investigations for the work he conducts on behalf of the İHD.

In April 2016, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan referred to rights defenders who prepared reports on cities that had a curfew, stating that: “Those, who published these reports should be scrutinized.” After this statement, investigations against the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (TİHV), MAZLUMDER, the Trade Union of Employees in Public Health and Social Services (SES), and İHD started. Türkdoğan and other executives of these rights organisations were accused of insulting the State and its institutions. Türkdoğan’s investigation on this matter is still ongoing.

Türkdoğan is also among the 44 İHD members and executives who are being investigated on grounds of organising visits and meetings for the recognition of the Armenian Genocide and for peace efforts to solve the Kurdish issue. The İHD staff is also subject of an investigation on grounds of “denigrating the State and its institutions” and “making propaganda for a terrorist organization” in its reports and statements. Türkdoğan gave his statement to the prosecutor on 15 March 2018 and submitted a detailed written statement in April 2018.

On 9 November 2017, Türkdoğan was detained together with İHD board members Sevim Salihoğlu and Derya Uysal, and İHD employee Besra Varlı. This day marked the 365th day of a sit-in led by Nuriye Gülmen and Semih Özakça—teachers who were dismissed by an executive decree during the state of emergency that started in July 2016. The teachers protested their dismissal and demanded to be re-employed. Eventually, they were banned from protesting around the Human Rights Monument in Ankara. Türkdoğan and two colleagues were taken into custody for announcing the report they prepared on this ban. Each was fined 277 Turkish Liras. Türkoğlu and others lodged individual applications to the Constitutional Court on this matter.

Throughout his career, Türkdoğan has intervened in many court cases. This includes a court case against the military junta of the 1980 coup and many other court cases concerning rights violations in Turkey. He has faced media backlash for supporting a peaceful solution of the Kurdish issue.

Known for its support of the government, the Yeni Şafak daily newspaper targeted Türkdoğan on 7 December 2018 for participating in the “Kurdish Conference” held at the European Parliament. İHD has launched a legal battle against the newspaper in which it requested blocking access to the content of the article and compensation for the damage the article has caused.

Türkdoğan is a rights defender at risk in Turkey. He is still subject to investigations and is facing the risk of imprisonment in his trials.

Writer-journalist Nadire Mater plays a prominent part in freedom of opinion and speech in Turkey. Mater serves as the Chair of the Board of the Interpress Service (IPS) Communication Foundation, which supports rights-based journalism practices. She is also the project advisor of the Independent Communication Network (BIA) and continues to work for the online media platform

Mater is among 38 people who have stood trial for supporting the Editors-in-Chief on Watch Campaign for the now shut down newspaper Özgür Gündem Daily. She was sentenced to a deferred prison sentence and a fine.

Mater took part in the campaign to show solidarity to Özgür Gündem and to fight for freedom of opinion and expression. She supported this campaign because Özgür Gündem had been subject to several investigations, lawsuits, and censorships until it was shut down by an executive decree in October 2016.

She was accused of “publishing and disseminating publications of a terrorist organization” and “propagandizing for a terrorist organization.” The accusations refer to the news and articles that were published by Özgür Gündem on 3 June 2016—when she served as the Guest Editor-in-Chief on Watch for one day. The first hearing of the case was held at a court on 7 November 2016. In the next hearing on 14 February 2017, the prosecutor sought a prison sentence for Mater up to 10.5 years. At the last hearing on 7 March 2017, she was sentenced to 15 months in prison on “propaganda” charges. The sentence was deferred. She was sentenced to pay a fine of 6,000 TL, which is an equivalent of spending 10 months in prison for “publishing and spreading statements of terrorist organizations.”

Mater’s award-winning book Mehmedin Kitabı: Soldiers Who Have Fought in the Southeast Speak Out was published in 1999 and translated into five languages. It has become one of the symbols of freedom of opinion and expression. When it was published, Mater was indicted and the book was banned upon the request of the General Staff of the Turkish Republic. She was acquitted in 2001. Yet today, Mater has been sentenced to prison for defending press freedom and freedom of expression.

Taner Kılıç is a lawyer, a human rights defender, and the honorary president of Amnesty International Turkey. As a prominent figure in the human rights movement in Turkey, he works on refugee rights and is one of the first legal experts who has drawn attention to the conditions of refugees in Turkey. Kılıç is also a founder and the former chair of the Association for Solidarity with Refugees (Mülteci-Der). Kılıç was released from jail after spending 15 months in pre-trial detention. He now stands trial in the Büyükada Case.

On 9 June 2017, three days after he was taken into custody, Kılıç was charged with being a member of a terrorist organization. As a result, he was arrested and sent to jail. At the time of his arrest, he was the Chair of the Board of Amnesty International’s Turkey Branch. After his detention, in March 2018, he was nominated Honorary President of the Association.

Taner Kılıç has been charged with “membership to a terrorist organization” based on the allegation that he downloaded ByLock—a secure messaging application—and because he had opened an account in Bank Asya. He was accused of being affiliated with the Gülen Movement, which is held responsible for the 2016 coup attempt. Two independent forensic examinations of his phone commissioned by Amnesty International found no trace of ByLock on his phone. So far, the prosecutor has not submitted any evidence to support the accusation.

On 26 October 2017, which is one month after his detention started and only one day after the release of 10 rights defenders whose meeting was raided by the police on 5 July 2017, Taner Kılıç had his first hearing. Here, the court decided to keep Taner Kılıç in detention and ordered to merge his case with that of the 10 rights defenders—also known as Istanbul 10. Later on, it was alleged that Kılıç was “aware” of the meeting in Büyükada that was raided, which is subject of a criminal investigation.

Kılıç’s trial continued as part of the Büyükada case. On 31 January 2018, the 11 rights defenders had their first hearing together. Even though the court decided to release Kılıç, a new arrest warrant was issued for him within 24 hours. Therefore, he was arrested again on 1 February 2018.

Even though a report prepared by the Istanbul Police’s Anti-Cybercrimes Department confirmed that Kılıç had never downloaded ByLock on his phone, he was not released in the hearing held on 21 June 2018 either. This time, the court requested a new report on whether “he updated or reset his phone to factory settings.”

On 15 August 2018, during a monthly review of the case, the Court decided to release Kılıç from jail.

Known for his civil society work and decades-long efforts on immigration and refugee rights, and as an active member of refugee rights commissions of bar associations in Turkey, Taner Kılıç is still on trial. Following his 15-month detention, Kılıç is still facing the risk of imprisonment.

The 11 rights defenders, who are charged with “aiding an armed terrorist organizations” and “being members of an armed terrorist organization” due to their meeting titled “Digital Security and Protection of Human Rights Defenders,” attended their last hearing on 16 July 2019. The Presiding Judge announced that a new prosecutor was appointed. The newly appointed prosecutor requested additional time to draft the final opinion of the prosecution. The next Büyükada hearing will be held on 9 October 2019.

Gençay Gürsoy (1939) graduated from Istanbul University’s Medical Faculty, with a specialization in neurology, in 1963. He worked in the same faculty as a specialist, associate professor and professor. He led the establishment of a fully equipped neuroradiology laboratory in the same school in 1980. He also studied and conducted research on neurology abroad for 4,5 years.

Following the 12 September 1980 coup d’état, he was expelled from his position and was not able to work at any public institution from 1983 onwards. In 1990, he was reinstated in line with a ruling of the Council of State. Until being reinstated, he took part in BİLSAK and EKİN-BİLAR. In 1984, he stood trial for signing the ‘Petition of Intellectuals,’ but was later acquitted. Gürsoy also published a book called Bir Resimaltı (A Caption). The book consists of his articles published in national and international scientific journals, book chapters, monographs, and opinion pieces he wrote in newspapers and magazines on political and social issues between 1975 and 1990.

Gürsoy, who was the former President of the Turkish Medical Association’s (TTB) Central Council, also served as the General Secretary and President of the Istanbul Medical Chamber. Today, he continues to be an honorary board member of the TTB. He served as the head of the Neurology Department of Istanbul University’s Medical Faculty. He is among the founders of the Human Rights Association (İHD) and Human Rights Foundation (TIHV). He was the President of the Foundation for Social Research, Culture and Arts (TAKSAV). He was one of the founders of Union for University Assistants (ÜNAS), Association for All University Assistants (TÜMAS), Freedom and Solidarity Party, Peoples’ Democratic Congress (HDK), Peace Initiative, Peace Assembly, Peace Bloc, and Citizens’ Initiative. He retired in 2006.

Gençay Gürsoy is an Academic for Peace who signed the “We Will Not Be Party to This Crime” petition, for which he stood trial. New evidence was added to his file during his third hearing. When Gursoy and his lawyer returned from the adjournment, the Presiding judge announced that they had added an interview he gave at and some statements made on his personal Twitter account. Gursoy’s lawyer Meric Eyuboglu objected the addition of new evidence that was found during the adjournment and was added to the file without thorough investigation. She added: “We don’t know about these documents that have been added to the file. Why were these documents selected? We need time to examine and comment on these documents.” The court refused the request with the assumption that “the request aims to prolong the trial.”

The court announced its verdict and sentenced Gürsoy to 2 years and 3 months in prison for “propagandizing for an armed terrorist organization.” His sentence was not reduced “considering his negative attitude and behavior in the hearing, and based on the conviction that the defendant does not feel any remorse.”

The judge said the following when he handed down the 1 year and 15 months prison sentence:

“As a result of the court’s evaluation of how the crime was committed and its specifics, the statements the defendant made on the petition while he was still the president of the Turkish Medical Association, his statements defending and embracing the petition in the interview he gave to on 15 January 2016, and his tweets on his social media account, which also defend and embrace the petition, the court used its discretionary power not to sentence the defendant on the lower limit and has decided that the defendant shall be sentenced to 1 year and 15 months in prison considering the specifics of the crime, the status of the defendant at the time of the crime, the impact of the petition on the public after the petition received the support of the TTB, the defendant’s intention to accept and embrace the petition, which shows the intensity of the defendant’s intention and the level of threat it has caused.”

The decision will be finalized following the decision of the Court of Appeals.

Mücella Yapıcı is a member of the Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects (TMMOB) and is one of the executives of the İstanbul Büyükkent branch of the Chamber of Architects. She is also a representative of the Taksim Solidarity Platform, which was established in 2012 in the legal battle against projects that threaten the Taksim Square and the Taksim Gezi Park. Yapıcı is one of the defendants in the Gezi Park case where 16 rights defenders stand trial and are facing aggravated life imprisonment.

On 8 July 2013, Yapıcı was taken into custody along with 50 other people, including members of the Taksim Solidarity Platform. She was released on 11 July 2013. Later on, an indictment was prepared for 26 of these people on charges of “forming and controlling a criminal organization,” “disobeying a police officer,” and “violating the law on assemblies and demonstrations.” The indictment was rejected on 10 February 2014 because “it [was] not clear under which laws the suspects had founded an organization to commit crimes. The indictment should explain how the suspects founded and controlled an organization with the aim of committing crimes. It should also be clear which laws are violated, which would permit the accused to defend themselves.”

When the prosecutor of the investigation changed, a second indictment was prepared. In this second indictment, the charge of “disobeying a police officer” was removed, meaning the 26 individuals, including Yapıcı, were charged with “founding and controlling a criminal organization” and “violating the law on assemblies and demonstrations.” However, the second indictment also did not explain how a criminal organization was founded and controlled, and how the organization allowed the defendants to commit crimes. Nonetheless, this indictment was accepted on 17 March 2014. In this particular trial, Yapıcı was facing up to 17 years in prison, but the court acquitted all 26 defendants in 2015.

Yapıcı’s story does not end with this indictment or her acquittal. She is now one of the 16 individuals who stands trial in the Gezi case. This trial includes the representatives of TMMOB at the time, three members of Taksim Solidarity, Chamber of City Planners of Turkey Istanbul Office Executive Board chairperson Tayfun Kahraman, lawyer Can Atalay, and Osman Kavala. The 16 defendants are accused of “overthrowing the government of the Republic of Turkey or preventing it from doing its duties” and are facing aggravated life imprisonment.

This Gezi indictment was prepared four years after the acquittals took place in 2015. It is based on evidence collected by prosecutor Muammer Akkaş, who is now being investigated for FETÖ membership.

Architect Yapıcı is accused of organizing a coup attempt for doing her profession. In other words, she is being punished for protecting the green spaces and trees of the city and is facing aggravated life imprisonment for these activities.

The third hearing of the Gezi case will be held on 8 and 9 October 2019.

Businessperson Osman Kavala is a civil society leader in Turkey. He stepped into the world of business in 1982. He has pioneered efforts to promote democracy, human rights, and multiculturalism in Turkey through his companies and civil society organizations. Following the solidarity actions he initiated after the 1999 Istanbul Earthquake, he dedicated himself to work in the field of civil society. As the founder of several civil society organizations in Turkey, Kavala aimed at emphasizing cultural diversity, promoting dialogue in arts and culture, strengthening cultural collaboration and protecting cultural heritage.

Kavala was taken into custody on 18 October 2017 and was sent to the Silivri Jail 15 days later on charges of “being the mastermind of the 2013 Gezi Park protests” and “being behind the attempted coup of 15 July 2016.” He is still being held at the same jail.

The scope of Kavala’s investigation was expanded through new police operations. In November 2018, police forces raided the homes of 13 academics and rights defenders, including the employees of Anadolu Kültür—the NGO Kavala leads. The 13 individuals were taken into custody. All were released except for Yiğit Aksakoğlu, who was sent to jail.

Even though Kavala was arrested on charges of “attempting to change the constitutional order” and “attempting to overthrow the government,” an indictment that would clarify these charges against him was not prepared for 1 year and 4 months. In the meantime, Kavala’s lawyers filed 20 applications, stating that the situation “violated the right to a fair trial, prevented access to documents, and undermined the principle of presumption of innocence.” All objections were rejected.

Meanwhile, Kavala filed an application to the Constitutional Court, arguing that his arrest in December 2017 was unlawful. His application to the Constitutional Court filed in 2017 was rejected by a majority vote on 22 May 2019. In its reasoning, the Court insisted on the charges. Presiding Judge Zühtü Arslan opposed the court’s decision. Arslan was one of the five members who announced his dissenting opinion and criticized the indictment stating that “The fact that Kavala attended and supported Gezi events alone does not indicate he committed an offense” and emphasized that “the prosecution failed to establish the existence of strong evidence requiring the continuation of his detention.”

A similar application was lodged before the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). The application dated 7 June 2018 was accepted by the Court in August 2018. The ECHR asked the government to respond to the allegations on 19 September 2018. The Council of Europe also announced that the Council asked to intervene in Kavala’s case before the ECHR. The Republic of Turkey responded to the ECHR five months later, on 13 March 2019, only a few weeks following the acceptance of the indictment that was already delayed by 16 months.

The 657-page indictment announced on 19 February 2019 accused Kavala of financing and organizing the Gezi protests that took place in 2013. Thus, he was accused of attempting to overthrow the government. Kavala’s phone conversations concerning the need to bring tables and chairs to Gezi Park and his international visits were shown as evidence for these charges. Kavala, along with 15 people mentioned in the indictment, are accused of preparing the Gezi events since 2011 and of constituting the “top management” of the events in 2013.

The indictment, known as “Gezi Park Events,” was accepted in March 2019. The first hearing was held on 24 and 25 June 2019 in Silivri. Yiğit Aksakoğlu was released, but the court ruled on the continuation of Osman Kavala’s detention. The Court took a similar stance during the second hearing, which was held on 18 July 2019.

A defender of human rights through arts, in 1983 Kavala contributed to the establishment of İletişim Yayınları—a leading publishing house in Turkey—to serve the country’s democratization and demilitarization process. Kavala founded the non-profit Anadolu Kültür in 2002. He founded the Diyarbakır Art Center in the same year to contribute to the revitalization of Diyarbakır’s culture and arts scene. In 2004, he founded the Kars Art Center. He participated in the foundation of the Association for the Protection of Cultural Heritage, and founded DEPO—a prominent culture and arts center, and discussion platform in Istanbul. Before being arrested, Kavala actively supported DEPO activities.

In addition to his work at Anadolu Kültür as the Chair of the Board, Osman Kavala is also a founding member, board member and on the advisory board of many civil society organizations such as the Open Society Foundation, Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV), Turkish Foundation for Combating Soil Erosion, for Reforestation and the Protection of Natural Habitats (TEMA), History Foundation, Diyarbakır Political and Social Research Institute, and Turkish Cinema and Audiovisual Culture Foundation.

Today, Kavala is the main defendant in the Gezi Park case and is facing aggravated life imprisonment.

The next hearing of the case will be held on 8 and 9 October 2019.

Forensic physician Şebnem Korur Fincancı, who has spent years struggling for human rights, is the Chair of the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (TIHV). She is one of the founders of the foundation and the Turkish Penal Code Association.

Korur Fincancı has stood trial at the Istanbul 37th Heavy Penal Court for signing the petition of the “Academics for Peace”. The case has had a different trajectory than the rest of the Academics for Peace cases and reached the verdict stage. On the fourth hearing held on 13th December 2018, “The interview given by the defendant to Özgür Gündem newspaper on 12 December 2018; her interview to Evrensel newspaper on 21 December 2015; and preliminary survey report prepared by the defendant on limited observation during her visit to Cizre on 3 March 2016 as the chair of TİHV have been added to her file as evidence.”

The case file of Korur Fincancı, who has been sentenced to 2 years and 6 months in prison without any reductions or suspension in the final hearing of the case held on 19 December 2018, will be considered by the Regional Court of Justice, the court of appeal. In the meantime, she has “mandatorily” retired from her duty at the Forensic Medicine Department of Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine because of her prison sentence.

Devoting her professional life to the investigation and documentation of torture as well as the struggle against it, Korur Fincancı has become one of the milestones in Turkey in that regard. Preparing reports on cases of torture and writing on medical ethics in the 1990s, when torture was prevalent in Turkey, she was met with the oppression and preventions by the state.

After her report on the defendants in the court case involving the assassination of Uğur Mumcu, she declared that she has been threatened by official authorities, and a secret document demanding her dismissal was revealed. During Mehmet Ağar’s term as Minister of Justice, she carried out an active struggle to prevent the Institute of Forensic Medicine from becoming a state institution where documents were systematically destroyed as in the Susurluk case.

In 1996, she took part in postmortems from mass graves in the Kalesija region of Bosnia on behalf of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal. In 1999, she was among the authors of the Istanbul Protocol document recognized by the United Nations as a standard set of assessment of torture. She later also lectured in various countries on the implementation of the protocol. In 2000, she took part in the international program organized by the Physicians for Human Rights in South Africa, and in 2002, in the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Sexual Violence Against Women Research and Handbook project.

On behalf of the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture (IRTC), she traveled to Bahrain disguised as a tourist and collected tissue samples from the body of a young man whose remains were discovered at sea, claimed by police to have drowned. She brought the samples to Turkey, and in the autopsy she carried out, determined that he had been murdered under torture in detention as his family had claimed.

She has found evidence on the torture carried out by Adil Serdar Saçan, the former Director of the Organized Crime Branch. Her application to intervene on the grounds that her telephone had been tapped by the Ergenekon organization and her personal information had been filed, becoming the only intervening party in the Ergenekon case.

Korur Fincancı also participated in the Editors-in-Chief on Watch campaign that was launched in solidarity with the Özgür Gündem daily. Along with the RSF Turkey representative Erol Önderoğlu and journalist-writer Ahmet Nesin, Korur Fincancı was arrested on 20 June 2016 for having participated in the campaign and accused of “making terrorist propaganda. She was released on June 30, 2016. At the hearing held on 17 July 2019, the court acquitted all of them. The prosecutor appealed against the verdict of acquittal on 10 September 2019.

Lawyer Eren Keskin is the Co-Chair of the Human Rights Association, founder of the “Legal Assistance Office Against Sexual Harassment and Rape in Detention,” and an honorary member of the Paris Bar Council. She has received numerous international awards for her peace and human rights efforts and was the recipient of the 2019 Martin Ennals Award in May.

A number of cases have been filed against Keskin, including for “spreading propaganda for an armed terrorist organization,” “denigrating the Turkish nation, the Republic of Turkey, and the institutions and organs of the State,” “insulting the President,” and “failure to publish article corrections demanded by authorities to previous news articles”.

Most of these charges were brought against her for the work she has done as Editor-in-Chief of the Özgür Gündem daily newspaper between 2013 and 2016. She carried out this role at the newspaper to defend the right to freedom of expression and as a symbolic gesture to support the imprisoned editorial staff. Over 100 cases have been lodged against her for news and articles written by other journalists exercising their right to freedom of expression. Moreover, there are ongoing cases against Keskin in which she is being charged with “denigrating the State” for several statements she made on behalf of Human Rights Association and for a speech discussing sexual harassment as a method of torture.

Keskin was sentenced to 2.5 years in prison for using the term “Kurdistan” in an article she published in 1995. She was eventually released earlier, spending 6 months in prison. Over the years, she has received many threats through letters, has been targeted in an armed attack in 1994 and 2001, and has been at constant risk of imprisonment

The total number of cases filed against Keskin is 143; yet, since some of these cases have been merged, the final number of cases is 122. Up to now, 10 of these cases have been finalized, resulting in Keskin being sentenced to prison. Of this large number of lawsuits, only 4 were dismissed.  In addition to 5 ongoing cases, 103 cases are being reviewed by various appelette courts.

Eren Keskin’s sentences add up to 17 years, 2 months and 20 days in prison. Additionally, she has a high fine of 359,912 TL. A majority of the fine is still being reviewed by the High Court of Appeals. Thus, the total amount of judicial fines upheld is 139,080 TL. Keskin has paid some of this amount and is still paying the rest.

Keskin was given a prison sentence of 3 years and 9 months at the last hearing of the Özgür Gündem Case held on 21 May 2019 before the Istanbul 14th Heavy Penal Court.

On 17 July 2019, in another case before the 13th High Criminal Court, Keskin’s file was separated and merged with the Özgür Gündem Main Case file. The next hearing of this case will be held on 28 November 2019 at 23rd High Criminal Court.

Raci Bilici worked as the president at the IHD (Human Rights Association) Diyarbakır branch between 2012 and 2018. From 2016 he was also Vice President to the IHD headquarters. Bilici is especially known for reporting and documenting human rights violations in Diyarbakır.

In 2017, Raci Bilici was charged with “membership of a terrorist organisation” and “making propaganda of a terrorist organisation”. The charges were related to his work as head of the IHD, in particular to his role in the so-called “peace process”. Bilici was taken into custody for seven days for this. He was released but banned from leaving the country. The trial for his case is ongoing.

Another investigation opened into his attendance to the Saturday Mothers meeting but this did not lead to a prosecution. As a result of the pressures he faced, including a defamatory campaign against him, Bilici had to resign from his position as a secondary school teacher.

The next hearing in the case against Bilici is on 21 November 2019, 09:20 a.m., at the Diyarbakır 5th Criminal Court.

Yiğit Aksakoğlu is a civil society professional working on matters related to children’s rights. He worked at TESEV (Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation) and Istanbul Bilgi University’s NGO Research & Education Division. Since 2011, he has been a consultant, among others for the Turkish representative of the Dutch Bernard van Leer Foundation for early childhood development.

Yiğit Aksakoğlu was charged with facilitating the non-violent demonstrations at Gezi Park in 2013. Aksakoğlu was taken into custody and jailed on 16 November 2018. He was in pre-trial detention without an indictment until February 2019, when the Istanbul chief prosecutor finally submitted an indictment to the Court.

Of the thirteen people that were detained on 16 November 2018, only Aksakoğlu was arrested. Evidence used against him includes organising meetings, even though the precise content of these meetings was not ascertained. The Court however stated that it was convinced they were aimed at propagating and reinitiating civil disobedience and demonstrations similar to those in Gezi Park.

Due the many rights violations during the judicial process according to both Constitutional and European law, Aksakoğlu’s lawyers lodged an individual complaint to the Constitutional Court on 1 March 2019. They argued that, amongst others, his examination of arrest was conducted without a hearing and his requests for release were rejected without a justification. There is no ruling on this yet.

Aksakoğlu was placed under the ‘Gezi Park indictment’, together with fifteen others from a different case who are also being accused of facilitating the Gezi Park protests. The indictment was accepted by the Istanbul 30th Criminal Court on 4 March 2019.

The Court released Aksakoğlu on probation at the first hearing held on 24 June 2019. Next hearing will be held on 18-19 July 2019.

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